Lagos State, Nigeria was created on May 27, 1967 by virtue of State (Creation and Transitional Provisions) Decree No. 14 of 1967, which restructured Nigeria’s Federation into 12 States.
Prior to this, Lagos Municipality had been administered by the Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Lagos Affairs as the regional authority, while the Lagos City Council (LCC) governed the City of Lagos. Equally, the metropolitan areas (Colony Province) of Ikeja, Agege, Mushin, Ikorodu, Epe and Badagry were administered by the Western Region.
Lagos State lies to the south-western part of the Federation. It shares boundaries with Ogun State both in the North and East and is bounded on the west by the Republic of Benin. In the South it stretches for 180 kilometres along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. The smallest State in the Federation, it occupies an area of 3,577 sq km. 22% or 787sq. km of which consists of lagoons and creeks
|Area:||3,577 sq kilometres|
|Governor:||Akinwunmi Ambode (APC)|
|Date Created:||27 May 1967|
|Population Rank:||Ranked 2nd|
Before the creation of the States in 1967, the identity of Lagos was restricted to the Lagos Island of Eko (Bini word for war camp). The first settlers in Eko were the Aworis, who were mostly hunters and fishermen. They had migrated from Ile-Ife by stages to the coast at Ebute-Metta.
The Aworis were later reinforced by a band of Benin warriors and joined by other Yoruba elements who settled on the mainland for a while till the danger of an attack by the warring tribes plaguing Yorubaland drove them to seek the security of the nearest island, Iddo, from where they spread to Eko.
By 1851 after the abolition of the slave trade, there was a great attraction to Lagos by the repatriates. First were the Saro, mainly freed Yoruba captives and their descendants who, having been set ashore in Sierra Leone, responded to the pull of their homeland, and returned in successive waves to Lagos. Having had the privilege of Western education and christianity, they made remarkable contributions to education and the rapid modernisation of Lagos. They were granted land to settle in the Olowogbowo and Breadfruit areas of the island.
The Brazilian returnees, the Aguda, also started arriving in Lagos in the mid-19th century and brought with them the skills they had acquired in Brazil. Most of them were master-builders, carpenters and masons, and gave the distinct charaterisitics of Brazilian architecture to their residential buildings at Bamgbose and Campos Square areas which form a large proportion of architectural richness of the city.
The other two groups of Lagos State citizens are the Ogu people of Badagry and its environs, and the Ijebu in Ikorodu and Epe Local Governments.
Badagry town houses the first storey building in Nigeria, built in 1845 and still standing on its original site.
Badagry’s original name was Gbagle a contraction of the word Ogbaglee, meaning in Ogu (not Egun as commonly mis-pronounced and mis-spelt) “a farmland near the swamp”. The Ogu people are historically reputed to have migrated from the ancient Ketu.
Kingdom (part of Oduduwa’s Kingdom) and they left Ile-Ife around the mid-13th century, for Accra in Gold Coast. The Ga/Ewe (Aja-Ogu) speaking group of today’s Ghana are indeed the kith and kin of the Ogu of Badagry. The history of Badagry has a fascinating tradition of Kingship (Wheno-Aholu) and local administration. The ancient town of Badagry is divided into eight quarters namely: Jegba, Ahoriko Awhanjigoh, Boekoh, Wharakoh, Pesuka and Ganho and its adjoining villages on both the mainland and island, have for centuries recognised the Wheno Aholu Akran of Badagry, of which there have been seventeen from the earliest times to the present Akran, Menu Toyi I crowned in 1977.
The Ijebu people of the Epe and Ikorodu Local Government areas share a collective heritage with their kith and kin in the present day Ogun State, but have also developed strong trade and cultural links with the entire riverine coastline of Nigeria, with its interlaced pattern of waters and creeks which empty into the lagoon and the Atlantic ocean. By the turn of this century, through administrative sleight of hand by the British, all the major towns and settlements of the two areas had been annexed as part of the “colony” and the amalgamation in 1914 finally merged Ikorodu with the protectorate.
While the State is essentially a Yoruba-speaking environment, it is a socio-cultural melting pot attracting both Nigerians and foreigners alike.
Indigenous inhabitants include the Aworis and Eguns in Ikeja and Badagry Divisions respectively, with the Eguns being found mainly in Badagry.
There is also an admixture of other pioneer settlers collectively known as the Ekos.
The indigenes of Ikorodu and Epe Divisions are mainly the Ijebus with pockets of Eko-Awori settlers along the coastland and riverine areas.
Agege, Ajeromi-Ifelodun, Alimosho, Amuwo-Odofin, Apapa, Badagry, Epe, Eti-Osa, Ibeju/Lekki, Ifako-Ijaye, Ikeja, Ikorodu, Kosofe, Lagos Island, Lagos Mainland, Mushin, Ojo, Oshodi-Isolo, Shomolu, Surulere, etc
Lagos State has taken giant strides in fulfilling the educational aspirations of its citizenry. The state has 906 primary schools with 859,456 pupils. The state also has 360 secondary schools with 633,247 students, 5 Technical Colleges with 3,223 students, two Colleges of Education including that for Primary Education, a Polytechnic and a University – the Lagos State University (LASU) located at Ojo. It also houses the federally owned University of Lagos. The thrust of the government educational policy is the provision of qualitative education and the pursuit of academic excell
Lagos is a center of business opportunies in diverse industries like: consulting, manufacturiing, construction, oil and guess, agriculture, telecom, markteting, legal, health, etc
Bar Beach, Lagos Physical/Man-made * Badagry Beach, Lagos Physical/Man-made * Kaiyetoro Maiyegun Beach Physical/Man-made * Eleko Beach Physical/Man-made * Lekki Peninsula Physical/Man-made * Tarkwa Bay, Lagos Physical/Man-made * Water Parks, Toyin Street, Ikeja Man-made Resort * Apapa Amusement Park Resort/Man-made * Frankid Leisure Park, Festac Resort/Man-made * Whispering Palms Iworo- Physical/Man-made Badagry * Lekki Conservation Centre Man-made * National Museum, Onikan Museum/Monument * Slave Relics Badagry Monument * First Storey Building, Badagry Monument * MUSON Centre, Onikan Man-made * National Theatre, Iganmu Man-made * Oba’s Palace Lagos Cultural* Igbo Igunun, cultural